Methodological Approach to Risk Assessment in Building Security
Building object (or asset) security has always been a burning subject in all systems and regimes since ancient times, and will always be. The reason for this lies solely in the fact that these objects have a high material, historical, cultural and other value. Therefore, the owners of such buildings, regardless of whether they are the public, civic or some other social institutions, organizations or individuals, have always paid, more or less, attention to the issue of security of such objects. The amount of attention given to the security of these structures in general depends on the current situation of the external and internal environment of the object, relative to the degree of security threats to it. Certain organizational - technical activities are being performed with the aim to protect such objects. Up to which extent they will be used, depends on the level of risk assessment of those objects that will show the possibility that incidents might occur with harmful consequences. Poor risk assessment results in many unnecessary investments in the security, or lack of it, which does not offer the necessary optimum of security. Hence, risk assessment in building security is considered to be a highly significant and crucial matter. This paper presents a methodological approach to risk assessment in the overall process approach to risk management in order to provide security to the objects. It delivers a critical overview of the methodological steps of risk assessment with the intention to achieve the most realistic assessment.
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