The Concept of Resilience and Protection of Critical Infrastructure Against Natural and Man-made Disasters in Republic of Macedonia
The paper argues that if Macedonia is about to enhance resilience to natural and man made disasters it must consider effective critical infrastructure protection. Identifying critical infrastructures that need to be protected, among others, will enable Macedonian society to withstand, absorb, adapt to the new situation and to bounce back effectively. During the research we have identified two problems. First there is no national consensus of what resilience means. Second there is no identified list of critical infrastructures that need protection through the concept of “all hazards approach” embedded in the national disaster risk and reduction concept. Therefore the paper first discusses the concept of resilience as seen by different branches of science in order to establish a framework for further examination in Macedonian context. In the second part we examine how the concept of critical infrastructure protection against all types of hazards could be placed in Macedonia. In the third part of the paper we argue that without coherent state strategy for critical infrastructure protection Macedonia risks to endanger disaster/crisis management system’s resilience. Finally we provide some recommendation.
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