The Influence of a 7-month-long Intensive Aquatic Exercise Program on Changes in Physical Fitness, Bone Density and Lung Function Parameters in Postmenopausal Women

Zofia Ignasiak, Jacek Falkenberg, Tomasz Ignasiak, Slawomir Koziel


The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in the physical fitness, bone density and lung function parameters in older women who underwent a 7-month-long aquatic exercise program (AEP). 25 women took part in weekly 60-minute systematic AEP. Before and after the AEP participants and the control group subjects underwent the Fullerton Functional Fitness Test, bone mineral density and respiratory system assessment. A significant improvement in the results of hand grip strength, 30-second chair stand, 6-minute trial walking and chair sit and reach tests were reached in the AEP women. Additionally, in the AEP group, the forced expiratory volume in 1 sec (FEV1) significantly increased.


older women, physical fitness, respiratory system, bone density, involutional changes

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