Estimate of Cervical Cancer Incidence and Mortality Rate in Bosnia and Herzegovina
The exact incidence and mortality rate in Bosnia and Herzegovina are unknown as there are no National Cancer Register. The available data are mostly based on the estimation from neighbouring countries. Therefore, the aim of this study was to present the preliminary but more accurate estimates of cervical cancer incidence and mortality rates in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The data on cervical cancer cases in Bosnia and Herzegovina were collected from different sources and varies depending on the size of the city or region. To calculate the crude rates for the period from 2000 to 2008, we used the Bosnian and Herzegovinian population census for 1991. Thus, the crude incidence rate in Sarajevo region is more equable (app. 30.4/100,000 women-year), while in Tuzla Canton it varied from 18.5 in 2005 to 4.8/100,000 in 2000. In Tuzla Canton, in the period 1993-2006, 27.1% of all women with cervical cancer were younger than 30. However, the exact crude incidence in Bosnia and Herzegovina could be even higher. Data from Tuzla Canton showed slight increase in mortality rate in the last 5 years (4.9/100,000), with the peak in 2007 (7.0/100,000). The presented data reflects the situation throughout Bosnia and Herzegovina and underline the necessity of the implementation of cervical cancer register and organized screening programme.
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