Cardiovascular Drugs Consumption - Comparison between two Croatian Regions, City of Zagreb and Lika-Senj County

Dražen Jurković, Danijela Štimac, Dubravko Bajramović, Hrvoje Tiljak, Ranko Stevanović

Abstract


The aim of this paper is to determine the differences in the outpatient consumption of cardiovascular drugs between Croatian regions: the City of Zagreb and Lika-Senj County. The data on the number of packages and the purchase price for each drug have been obtained from all pharmacies in Lika-Senj County and all pharmacies in the City of Zagreb. Defined daily doses/1000 inhabitants/day (DDD/1000/day) was calculated for every drug in accordance with its code name and Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical/Defined Daily Dose (ATC/DDD) index of the World Health Organization (WHO) for 2007. For drug combinations without defined daily doses, equivalent doses (ED) were used. The quality of drug prescribing within the group of cardiovascular drugs was assessed using the Drug Utilization (DU90%) method and the adherence of the DU90% segment to the guidelines for prescribing individual drug groups. The statistical significance of differences in results between the City of Zagreb and Lika-Senj County was tested using the chi-square test at the level of statistical significance p<0.05. The comparison of the share of the five most often prescribed drug groups in Lika-Senj County has shown statistically significant differences when compared to the City of Zagreb (χ2=28.93, df=4, p<0.001). The total outpatient consumption of cardiovascular drugs in the City of Zagreb and Lika-Senj County differs significantly. The consumption, quality of prescribing drugs and cost/DDD in the City of Zagreb is higher than in Lika-Senj County; in the City of Zagreb, newer and more expensive drugs are prescribed to a higher extent.


Keywords*


cardiovascular, drugs, utilisation, ATC/DDD, City of Zagreb, Lika-Senj County

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