Turkish Adaptation of the Narrative Assessment Scale for Preschool Children

Mihriban Özcan, Nilay Dereobalı, Tahsin Oğuz Başokçu


This study aimed to adapt the Narrative Assessment Protocol (NAP), which was developed to evaluate the narrative skills of children aged 2–7, to Turkish culture and laguage for preschool children. The study group of the research consisted of a total of 247 children, 128 males,– and 119 females, aged 36–66 months, who attended independent kindergartens in the Konak district of Izmir city center during 2018–2019 academic year. Denver II Developmental Screening test was used to determine the children with normal developmental characteristics in the formation of the study group. Narrative Assessment Protocol and a family information form were used as data collection tools. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis were used to test the construct validity of the data. For reliability, Cronbach's alpha and Test-retest reliability were used. ANOVA analysis was used to examine the difference between the scores of the children. EFA results showed that the protocol had a 3-dimensional structure. The Cronbach's alpha value of the Narrative Assessment Protocol was found to be .75. Test-retest reliability was calculated separately for factors and for the first factor it was .75, for the second factor it was .72, and for the third factor it was .69. The data obtained from children through the narrative evaluation protocol were found to be valid and reliable at an acceptable level. In addition, age had a significant effect between the children who were above and below 52 months of age, while gender was not significant (p<0.05). It has been concluded that the interaction effect of age and gender was not significant.



Narrative Skills, Language Development, Early Childhood Education

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