Effect of physical therapy on respiratory function in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Igor Grygus, Mykola Maistruk, Walery Zukow

Abstract


Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is one of the most common forms of disease, which leads to high morbidity and mortality of patients, causing significant economic losses. The aim - to examine the effectiveness of the impact of the proposed method of physical therapy on respiratory function in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Analyzing the average values of respiratory function of patients in both groups at baseline, it was determined that they are lower than normal and did not significantly differ, indicating that poor functional capacity of the lungs and bronchial patency. This confirms the poor functional health status of patients and requires appropriate treatment and rehabilitation. The physical therapy of patients included several stages: assessment of the patient; learning patient; measures for correction of body weight; physical drilling program; psychological support. For each patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease selected individual program of physical therapy, taking into account the physical features of lung function parameters, specific physiological and psychopathological disorders caused by primary and / or related conditions. Evaluation of physical capabilities of each patient was performed using conventional tests with load (tredmil test, 6-minute walk, etc.). As a result of the comparative analysis of survey data of 130 patients in the control (consisting of those men (n = 32) and female (n = 30) sex) and basic (consisting of those men (n = 36) and female (n = 32) sex) groups were identified following. The use of physical therapy resulted in increasing the functional capacity of patients expressed increasing average values of indicators of lung function studied in the main group at the end of studies that demonstrate its effectiveness.


Keywords*


patients, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, physical therapy, respiratory function.

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